Health > Senior health > Preventing falls
One of the most common ways that older adults get injured is through falls. Falls can happen anywhere, indoors or out. Falls can injure anyone, but they can be particularly dangerous for older adults. This is because the bones become less dense every year and become easier to break. Hip fractures for example happen to about 200,000 older adults every year.
It is important to take steps to reduce your risk of falling. Here are some important tips:
Increase the lighting in your home, inside and out
Get new eyeglasses on a regular basis, and never wear someone else's glasses
Use nonskid treads on staircases
Use a cane or walker if your balance is unsteady
Install rails in bathtubs and next to toilets and staircases
Use nonskid strips in the bathtub or shower
Get rid of any throw rugs and keep carpets in good repair
Wash floors with a nonslippery product and skip the wax
Wear shoes with nonskid soles
Limit your alcohol consumption
Be very careful when you start a new prescription, following your healthcare provider's instructions exactly
Never climb a ladder by yourself
Be especially careful if you have pets, which might trip you or push you down even when playing.
Good lighting is the most important of these. Make sure all stairways have lights that can be turned on from the top and the bottom. Never go down dark stairs. Keep flashlights in several areas for emergencies.