Health > Diabetics >Foot care in Diabetics
Diabetes can lead to a number of different foot complications. Fortunately, most of these complications can be prevented with a little extra foot care. If complications do occur, daily attention will ensure that they are detected before they become serious. It may take time and effort to build good foot care habits, but self-care is essential.
Foot Examination : Patients who have had type 1 diabetes for at least five years should have their feet examined at least once a year. Patients who have type 2 diabetes should have their feet examined once a year after their diagnosis. During a foot examin, doctor can check signs of poor blood circulation, nerve damages, skin changes, and deformities.
ToeNail Trimming: Always cut your nails with a safety clipper, never a scissors. Never cut down the sides of the toenail as this can cause ingrown toenails, which can lead to infection
Foot Wear: It is important to wear shoes that fit well. Wear comfortable shoes that fit well and protect your feet. Check for objects inside your shoes before putting them on.
Washing: Wash your feet everyday with warm water and mild soap. Dry them carefully and thoroughly with a soft towel. Dust your feet with talcum powder, which will help keep them dry.
Exercise: Regular exercise will improve bone and joint health in your feet and legs, improve circulation to your legs, and will also help to stabilize your blood sugar levels.
Diabetes control: Following a reasonable diet, taking your medications, checking your blood sugar regularly, exercising regularly, and maintaining good communication with your physician are essential in keeping your diabetes under control.
Smoking: If you smoke any form of tobacco, quitting can be one of the best things you can do to prevent problems with your feet. Smoking accelerates damage to blood vessels, especially small blood vessels leading to poor circulation.